A beautiful northeast state, Sikkim is surrounded by autonomous region of china in the north, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west and Indian state of west Bengal in the south. Sikkim is the least populous and second small state of India. Capital of Sikkim is Gangtok and 35% of the state is covered by the khangchendzonga national park. Sikkim is also notable for its biodevrsity, as well as being a host to Kanchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on earth. The kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the NAMGYAL DYNASTY in the 17th century. Sikkim has 11 official languages: Nepali,Sikkimese,Lepcha,Tamang, Rai,Limbu, Newari,Gurung, Mangar, Sunwar and English.
Gangtok is a capital and the largest city of Sikkim. It is located at eastern Himalayan range at an altitude of 5410ft. Gangtok is at the centre of Sikkim’s tourism industry. In the early 20th century, Gangtok became the major stopover of the trade route between lhasa in Tibet and cities such as Kolkata in British India. Gangtok is also a centre of Tibetan Buddhist culture and learning.
NATHULA is a mountain pass in the Himalayas in the east Sikkim district. It is at 4310m above sea level. The pass is about 54km in the east of Gangtok. Nathu means listening ears and La means Pass in Tibetan. Only Indian citizen can visit Nathula after obtaining the permit from Sikkim government. It is one of the five official agreed borders personnel meeting point between Indian army and people’s liberation army of china.
Tsogmo lake is also known as changu lake, which is located at east Sikkim district of Indian state of Sikkim. It is about 40km from the capital town Gangtok. With an altitude of 3753m, Tsogmo Lake remains frozen during winter season. The lake derives its water from mountain ranges and it looks different at different season. It is the sacred lake of Sikkim and it is basically holy place to visit for jhakris(faith healer) of the Sikkim.
Gurudongmar Lake is one of the highest lakes in the world and in India, located at an altitude of 17,800 ft (5,430 m), in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is considered sacred by Buddhists, Sikhs and Hindus. The lake is named after Guru Padmasambhava—also known as Guru Rinpoche—founder of Tibetan Buddhism, who visited in the 8th century. It is claimed that the lake was blessed in the 15th century by Guru Nanak, the spiritual leader of Sikhism, while he passed through this area.
Pelling Is a Small Hill Town Lyieng on the District of West Sikkim, with an altitude of 2150m. it is located at a distance of 131km from Gangtok. The Himalayas and the Kanchenjunga may be viewed at a close quarters from Pelling.There has a lot of holy places which offers the quietude and peace and also allows one to acquaint with a different aspect of Buddhism.
LACHUNG is a small town and hill station in northeast Sikkim. The word lachung means “Small Pass”. It is about 125km away from the capital town Gangtok. Languages spoken here are nepali, lepcha and bhutia. Lachung has been described as most picturesque village of Sikkim. It had "Yume samdong" a natural beauty or untouched beauty is a valley in the Lachung River. With an altitude of 4724m in the north east of the Sikkim also known as zero point.
Ravangla is a small tourist town situated at south Sikkim at an elevation of 7000ft. It is about 65km away from the capital town Gangtok.Ravangla attracts a lot of Himalayan birds and is a bird’s watcher’s paradise.It has large statue of lord Buddha which was consecrated on 25th march 2013 by the 14th Dalai lama. The statue of lord Buddha marks the occasion of 2550th birth anniversary of GAUTAMA BUDDHA
Samdruptse hill also known as “wish fulfilling hillis”is about 5km away from NAMCHI with an altitude of 2134m. The hill is ornamented with a giant statue of Guru Padmashambhava i.e Guru Rinpoche. It is a 45m tall statue gilded in gold which glitters when sunlight falls in it . People gather here in case of making their wish comes true with the holy blessing of Guru Padmashambhava.